The aim of this work is to design a web-based learning model using learning techniques based on knowledge construction in order to increase learners’ competency in higher education. Since knowledge is under a change as a result of improvements in the technology, the learning approaches that levitate around students’ learning activities could be considerably improved by web-based learning environments that switched education from knowledge transmission to knowledge construction. In addition to the development of learning patterns, educational technologies are constantly expanding. Changes produced by universities, course content, quality assurance, educational leadership, cultural and ethical occurrences have to be considered in the development of web-based learning in order to meet their requirements. But even now, much of the web-based learning environments are accomplished without embedding pedagogical considerations based on learning issues and learner-centred paradigm. This paper analyses and states the principles that could be implemented in a web-based learning model relying on the combination of various aspects of e-learning strategies, pedagogical insights, as well managerial and technological techniques. The key point is the cognitive change that shapes learning behaviour from simple information transmission to a constructivist way. Acting as a present-day educational framework of approaches for effective web-based learning, the research presents a set of steps following the exploration of instructional context concerning learning theories and pedagogical principles of the web-based learning paradigm. The approaches investigated by this research are settled on the base of specific references, European recommendations, theoretical researches regarding the vision of web-based learning environments, and literature relevant case studies. The paper proposes that, as a part of the shared technology environment, more attention need to be concentrated on developing and reinforcing the collaborative and constructive web-based learning system in higher education. As well, the author brings out the lack of the researches regarding web-based learning applied in higher education of the Republic of Moldova and proposes a particular and modern web-based learning paradigm.
Keywords: web-based learning, knowledge construction, collaborative learning, constructivist approach, web-based learning paradigm.
 ASGARIMEHR, M., SHIRAZI, B., ESKANDARI, M. J. and ROSTAMI, S., (2012). A Strategic Framework for Designing E-Learning System with Focus on University Entrepreneurship. In International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 9, Issue 1, No 1. ISSN (Online): 1694-0814. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4868/2dd5e9682f01bc1f1a5042b0e1ec40cad9c4.pdf .
 BASAK, S. K., WOTTO, M. and BÉLANGER, P., (2016). A Framework on the Critical Success Factors of E-Learning Implementation in Higher Education: A Review of the Literature. In World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Educational and Pedagogical Sciences Vol:10, No:7. Retrieved from: https://waset.org/publications/10004989/a-framework-on-the-critical-success-factors-of-e-learning-implementation-in-higher-education-a-review-of-the-literature .
 CASAS, M., (2006). Implementing Constructivist Web-Based Learning and Determining its Effectiveness on a Teacher Preparation Course. In the Journal of Educators Online, Volume 3, Number 2. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26499850_Implementing_Constructivist_Web-Based_Learning_and_Determining_its_Effectiveness_on_a_Teacher_Preparation_Course .
 CHATWATTANA, P. and NILSOOK, P., (2017). A Web-based Learning System using Project-based Learning and Imagineering. In International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol 12, No 05, pp.4-22. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v12i05.6344. Retrieved from: http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/6344/4428 .
 COOK, A. D., GARSIDE, S., LEVINSON, A. J., DUPRAS, D.M. and MONTORI, V. M., (2010). What do we mean by web-based learning? A systematic review of the variability of interventions. In Medical Education 2010: 44: 765–774 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03723.x. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03723.x.
 Council Resolution on a renewed European agenda for adult learning. (2011). In Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32011G1220(01)&from=EN .
 eLearning - Better eLearning for Europe (2003). European Commission. Retrieved from: https://www.lu.lv/materiali/biblioteka/es/pilnieteksti/izglitiba/eLearning%20-%20Better%20eLearning%20for%20Europe.pdf .
 European Exchange Mechanisms for e-Learning Content and e-Skills Development (2010). European Communities, 2010. https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/10479/attachments/1/translations/en/renditions/native.
 HADJERROUIT, S., (2010). A Conceptual Framework for Using and Evaluating Web-Based Learning Resources in School Education. In Journal of Information Technology Education Volume 9, 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.jite.org/documents/Vol9/JITEv9p053-079Hadjerrouit743.pdf .
 KAHIIGI, E. K., EKENBERG, L., HANSSON, H., TUSUBIRA F.F. and DANIELSON, M., (2008). Exploring the e-Learning State of Art In the Electronic Journal of e-Learning, Volume 6, Issue 2, 2008, pp.77-88, available online at www.ejel.org. Retrieved from: http://www.ejel.org/issue/download.html?idArticle=67.
 KHAN, B. H., (2001). Web-based Training. (Chapter: A framework for web-based learning.) Educational Technology Publications. Retrieved from: https://books.google.md/.
 KOMULAINEN, R. and NATSHEH, A. A., (2008). Constructivism Theory Based Learning: A Total Quality Approach. Development Project Report February 2008. Jyvaskyla University of Applied Sciences. Retrieved from: https://www.theseus.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/20402/jamk_1232716749_1.pdf?sequence=1.
 GOVINDASAMY, T., (2002). Successful implementation of e-Learning Pedagogical considerations. In Internet and Higher Education 4 (2002), pp. 287-299. Published by Elsevier Science Inc. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/302e/957ea4ae3ab09e39d7088c1fa4983a2144d5.pdf.
 GRANI, A. and CUKUSI, M., (2007). An Approach to the Design of Pedagogical Framework for e-Learning. In EUROCON 2007, The International Conference on “Computer as a Tool”, Warsaw, September 9-12. Retrieved from: https://www.academia.edu/29938665/An_Approach_to_the_Design_of_Pedagogical_Framework_for_e-Learning.
 GUO, H., (2018). Application of a Computer-Assisted Instruction System Based on Constructivism. In International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol. 13, No 04 (2018), pp.33-44. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v13i04.8468. Retrieved from: http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/8468/4878.
 ISSA, G. F., EL-GHALAYINI, H. A., SHUBITA, A. F. and ABU-ARQOUB, M. H., (2014). A Framework for Collaborative Networked Learning in Higher Education: Design & Analysis. In International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol. 9, No 8 (2014), pp. 32-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v9i8.3903. Retrieved from: http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/3903/3162.
 LOPES, A. P., (2014). Learning management systems in higher education. Proceedings of EDULEARN14 Conference 7th-9th July 2014, Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320259239_LEARNING_MANAGEMENT_SYSTEMS_IN_HIGHER_EDUCATION.
 PHIPPS, R. and MERISOTIS, J., (2000). Quality on the Line: Benchmarks for Success in Internet-Based Distance Education. Prepared by: The Institute for Higher Education. Policy-Reports Evaluative (142). Reproduced by ERIC. Retrieved from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED444407.pdf.
 Report 2008:11 R E-learning quality Aspects and criteria for evaluation of e-learning in higher education. Published by the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education 2008. Retrieved from: http://www.eadtu.nl/e-xcellencelabel/files/0811R.pdf.
 Report from the academic council e-learning sub-committee to academic council. An e-learning strategy to promote technology enabled learning in UCC. (2012). Retrieved from: https://www.ucc.ie/en/media/academic/ucconlinelearningstrategy/Ane-LearningStrategytopromotetechnologyenabledlearninginUCC.pdf.
 SURYAWANSHI, V. and SURYAWANSHI, D., (2015). Fundamentals of E-Learning Models: A Review. In IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering, ISSN : 2278-0661, p-ISSN : 2278-8727, pp. 107-120. Retrieved from: http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jce/papers/NCIEST/Volume%202/20.107-120.pdf.
 The European-wide e-Learning Recognition Review Report (2015). Retrieved from: http://www.elearningnews.it/_resources/images/ebook/european-wide-elearning-recognition-review.pdf.
 THOMAS, M., (2014). Pedagogical Considerations and Opportunities for Teaching and Learning on the Web. A volume in the Advances in Educational Technologies and Instructional Design (AETID) Book Series. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=D4B5D436607DE1A10D7F9084EBF312AF?doi=10.1.1.668.9020&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
 TSAI, M. J., (2009). The Model of Strategic e-Learning: Understanding and Evaluating Student eLearning from Metacognitive Perspectives. Educational Technology & Society, 12 (1), pp.34–48. Retrieved from: https://www.j-ets.net/ets/journals/12_1/4.pdf.
 UZUNBOYLU, H., (2006). A Descriptive Review of Mainline E-Learning Projects in the European Union: E-Learning Action Plan and E-Learning Program. Retrieved from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED491391.pdf.
 WANG, Y. and JIANG, W., (2018). An Automatic Classification and Clustering Algorithm for Online Learning Goals Based on Cognitive Thinking. In International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol. 13, No 11 (2018), pp. 54-66. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v13i11.9587. Retrieved from: http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/9587/5284.
Cyber Security and eGovernment
Proceedings of the Central and Eastern European E|Dem and E|Gov Days, May 2-3, 2019, Budapest
Facultas, 1. Ed., 536 p.
Editors: András Nemeslaki, Alexander Prosser, Dona Scola, Tamás Szádeczky